During the Middle Ages, Prague was a major cultural and economic center in Central Europe, and its city center was characterized by a mix of Gothic, Romanesque, and Baroque buildings. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the city underwent significant modernizing and expansion, with the construction of new neighborhoods, boulevards, and public buildings in the Art Nouveau and Art Deco styles.
After World War II, the city was heavily influenced by Soviet-style architecture and planning, with the construction of large apartment blocks and the demolition of many historic buildings. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, there has been a focus on preserving and restoring the city’s historic architecture, and new developments have been designed to blend in with the city’s existing character.
In recent years, there has also been a push to make the city more environmentally sustainable and pedestrian-friendly, with the creation of bike lanes and the expansion of public transportation. Overall, the urban landscape of Prague has evolved significantly over the centuries, reflecting the city’s diverse cultural and historical influences.