Czech (/tʃɛk/; čeština Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛʃcɪna]), historically also Bohemian (/boʊˈhiːmiən, bə-/; lingua Bohemica in Latin) is a West Slavic language of the Czech–Slovak group.
Spoken by over 10 million people, it serves as the official language of the Czech Republic.
Czech is closely related to Slovak, to the point of mutual intelligibility to a very high degree, as well as Polish. Like other Slavic languages, Czech is a fusional language with a rich system of morphology and relatively flexible word order. Its vocabulary has been extensively influenced by Latin and German
How to speak basic Czech
From Gavin is explaining some good resources and how to study Czech language…
- One beer, please. – Jedno pivo, prosím.
- Two beers, please. – Dvě piva, prosím.
- Yes – Ano
- No – Ne
- My name is… – Jmenuji se…
- How are you? – Jak se máte?
- Do you speak English? – Mluvíte anglicky?
- I don’t speak Czech. – Nemluvím česky.
- I don’t understand. – Nerozumím.
- Thank you. – Děkuji.
- Hi / Bye – Ahoj
- Excuse me. – S dovolením.
- How much does it cost? – Kolik to stojí?
- Where is…? – Kde je…?
- I love Prague! – Miluji Prahu!
The Czech alphabet has 26 basic letters and 42 in total including diacritics (ˇ, ´, °), but don’t worry about pronouncing the diacritics as you can simply pronounce as you read.
The basic letters in the Czech alphabet are:
- Lowercase – a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, q, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z
- Uppercase – A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z